Code §911(a) allows a qualified individual to elect to exclude from gross income an “Exclusion Amount” related to foreign earned income and a “Housing Cost Amount”. The Exclusion Amount for 2013 is $97,600.
The Housing Cost Amount is generally defined as an amount equal to the excess of (A) the “Housing Expenses” of an individual for the taxable year, over (B) 16% of the Exclusion Amount.
For example, if an individual had Housing Expenses during 2013 of $20,000, the Housing Cost Amount that could be excluded from that individual’s income would be $4,384 (20,000 - [97,600 X 16%]).
Housing Expenses, however, are generally limited to an amount equal to 30% of the Exclusion Amount in effect for the calendar year ($29,280 for 2013). Thus, the maximum Housing Cost Amount for 2013 which is excludible from income would generally be $13,664 ($29,280 - [97,600 X 16%]).
The I.R.S. is authorized to issue guidance to adjust the limit on Housing Expenses based on geographic differences in housing costs relative to housing costs in the United States. Pursuant to this authority, the I.R.S. published Notice 2013-31 to provide adjustments to the limitation on Housing Expenses for high cost locations.
For example, the limitation on Housing Expenses for 2013 in Tokyo is $117,100. Therefore, an individual living in Tokyo with housing expenses in 2013 of $117,100 or more could exclude from income an amount of $101,484 ($117,100 - [97,600 X 16%]).
An individual generally qualifies for Code §911 during the period which the individual meets the tax home requirement and either the bona fide residence requirement or the physical presence requirement. If it is the first year or the last year that an individual meets these requirements, the amounts above are prorated for the year accordingly.